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Essentials Of Conservation Biology

Autor: Richard B. Primack
Publisher: Sinauer Associates Incorporated
ISBN: 9781605352893
File Size: 23,44 MB
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This text combines theory and applied and basic research to explain the connections between conservation biology and ecology, climate change biology, the protection of endangered species, protected area management, environmental economics, and sustainable development. A major theme throughout the book is the active role that scientists, local people, the general public, conservation organizations, and governments can play in protecting biodiversity, even while providing for human needs. Each chapter begins with general ideas and principles, which are illustrated with choice examples from the current literature. The most instructive examples are discussed in boxes highlighting projects, species, and issues of particular significance. Chapters end with summaries, an annotated list of suggested readings, and discussion questions. This new edition comes with extensive summary statements in the text margins, as study aids.

A Primer Of Conservation Biology

Autor: Richard B. Primack
Publisher: Sinauer Associates Incorporated
ISBN: 9780878937288
File Size: 13,47 MB
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A Primer of Conservation Biology, Third Edition incorporates background, theory, and examples in a lively and readable text that will appeal to a wide audience and stimulate interest in conservation biology. The book provides the most up-to-date perspective on many high-profile issues in the field, such as sustainable development, the effectiveness of conservation laws and treaties, the design of conservation areas, classification of conservation threats, and strategies to save species on the verge of extinction. The Primer is divided into five chapters, focusing successively on biological diversity and its value, the threats to biological diversity, conservation at the population and species levels, protecting and managing habitats and ecosystems, and human societies and sustainable development. Case studies are included to demonstrate the controversies in the field, and to stimulate thought and discussion. The book provides many examples of successful conservation approaches and ends with suggestions for a future agenda. Throughout, the choice of examples is well balanced to show the full range of species, habitats, and geographic areas of the world. The links between conservation biology and environmental law, environmental economics, philosophy, social sciences and anthropology, park management, and government policy are clearly presented. The book is very well illustrated, includes an extensive bibliography (covering literature through 2004) and a glossary, and has an annotated list of suggested readings and discussion questions at the end of each chapter. Sources of further information are given in an Appendix. A Primer of Conservation Biology is ideally suited for use in short undergraduate courses, either as a stand-alone text or supplemented by outside readings. It can also be used effectively as a supplemental resource for courses in introductory biology, general ecology, population biology, environmental science, and w

Wildlife Management And Conservation

Autor: Paul R. Krausman
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421409860
File Size: 10,22 MB
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Wildlife Management and Conservation presents a clear overview of the management and conservation of animals, their habitats, and how people influence both. The relationship among these three components of wildlife management is explained in chapters written by leading experts and is designed to prepare wildlife students for careers in which they will be charged with maintaining healthy animal populations; finding ways to restore depleted populations while reducing overabundant, introduced, or pest species; and managing relationships among various human stakeholders. Topics covered in this book include • The definitions of wildlife and management• Human dimensions of wildlife management• Animal behavior• Predator–prey relationships • Structured decision making• Issues of scale in wildlife management• Wildlife health• Historical context of wildlife management and conservation• Hunting and trapping• Nongame species• Nutrition ecology• Water management• Climate change• Conservation planning

Tropical Rain Forests

Autor: Richard T. Corlett
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781444392289
File Size: 15,16 MB
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Read: 2003
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The first edition of Tropical Rain Forests: an Ecological and Biogeographical Comparison exploded the myth of ‘the rain forest’ as a single, uniform entity. In reality, the major tropical rain forest regions, in tropical America, Africa, Southeast Asia, Madagascar, and New Guinea, have as many differences as similarities, as a result of their isolation from each other during the evolution of their floras and faunas. This new edition reinforces this message with new examples from recent and on-going research. After an introduction to the environments and geological histories of the major rain forest regions, subsequent chapters focus on plants, primates, carnivores and plant-eaters, birds, fruit bats and gliding animals, and insects, with an emphasis on the ecological and biogeographical differences between regions. This is followed by a new chapter on the unique tropical rain forests of oceanic islands. The final chapter, which has been completely rewritten, deals with the impacts of people on tropical rain forests and discusses possible conservation strategies that take into account the differences highlighted in the previous chapters. This exciting and very readable book, illustrated throughout with color photographs, will be invaluable reading for undergraduate students in a wide range of courses as well as an authoritative reference for graduate and professional ecologists, conservationists, and interested amateurs.

Tropical Conservation

Autor: A. Alonso Aguirre
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199766983
File Size: 19,34 MB
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The tropics surround the Equator limited in latitude by the Tropic of Cancer in the northern hemisphere and the Tropic of Capricorn in the southern hemisphere. The tropics include all the regions on Earth where the Sun reaches a point directly overhead at least once during the solar year. The subtropics are geographic and climate zones located between the tropic circle of latitude and the 38th parallel in each hemisphere. The tropics and subtropics are home to about 75% of the global human population. Cultural, economic, and political circumstances vary enormously across this vast geography of some 170 countries and territories. The regions not only harbor the world's poorest countries but their human populations are growing disproportionally faster than in temperate zones. Some countries are developing rapidly -- Brazil, China, India, and Mexico being obvious examples, while others still remain in the poverty trap. This region contains an astonishing proportion of global biodiversity; some 90% of plant and animal species by some measures. Its contribution to human well-being is astounding. It was the birthplace for our species; and it hosts a myriad of plant and animal species which products feed us, keep us healthy, and supply us with a variety of material goods. The tropics and subtropics are also a natural laboratory where some of humanity's most important scientific discoveries have been made. Such biodiversity has enormous implications for research priorities, capacity building, and policy to address the challenges of conserving this region. "Tropical Conservation: Perspectives on Local and Global Priorities" drew the majority of its contributors from this growing pool of scientists and practitioners working in Latin America, Africa, and Asia. It introduces important conservation concepts and illustrates their application as the authors directly capture real world experiences in their home countries in preventing biodiversity loss and sustaining ecological health. Today, no part of the world can be viewed in isolation, and we further codify and integrate a range of approaches for addressing global threats to nature and environmental sustainability, including climate change and emerging diseases. Five sections structure the major themes.

Win Win Ecology

Autor: Michael L. Rosenzweig
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198035454
File Size: 24,15 MB
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As humanity presses down inexorably on the natural world, people debate the extent to which we can save the Earth's millions of different species without sacrificing human economic welfare. But is this argument wise? Must the human and natural worlds be adversaries? In this book, ecologist Michael Rosenzweig finds that ecological science actually rejects such polarization. Instead it suggests that, to be successful, conservation must discover how we can blend a rich natural world into the world of economic activity. This revolutionary, common ground between development and conservation is called reconciliation ecology: creating and maintaining species-friendly habitats in the very places where people live, work, or play. The book offers many inspiring examples of the good results already achieved. The Nature Conservancy, for instance, has a cooperative agreement with the Department of Defense, with more than 200 conservation projects taking place on more than 170 bases in 41 states. In places such as Elgin Air Force Base, the human uses-testing munitions, profitable timbering and recreation--continue, but populations of several threatened species on the base, such as the long-leaf pine and the red-cockaded woodpecker, have been greatly improved. The Safe Harbor strategy of the Fish & Wildlife Service encourages private landowners to improve their property for endangered species, thus overcoming the unintended negative aspects of the Endangered Species Act. And Golden Gate Park, which began as a system of sand dunes, has become, through human effort, a world of ponds and shrubs, waterfowl and trees. Rosenzweig shows that reconciliation ecology is the missing tool of conservation, the practical, scientifically based approach that, when added to the rest, will solve the problem of preserving Earth's species.

Organism And Environment

Autor: Sonia E. Sultan
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 019958706X
File Size: 3,56 MB
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Over the past decade, advances in both molecular developmental biology and evolutionary ecology have made possible a new understanding of organisms as dynamic systems interacting with their environments. This innovative book synthesizes a wealth of recent research findings to examine how environments influence phenotypic expression in individual organisms (ecological development or 'eco-devo'), and how organisms in turn alter their environments (niche construction). A key argument explored throughout the book is that ecological interactions as well as natural selection are shaped by these dual organism-environment effects. This synthesis is particularly timely as biologists seek a unified contemporary framework in which to investigate the developmental outcomes, ecological success, and evolutionary prospects of organisms in rapidly changing environments. Organism and Environment is an advanced text suitable for graduate level students taking seminar courses in ecology, evolution, and developmental biology, as well as academics and researchers in these fields.

Biological Science

Autor: Scott Freeman
Publisher: Benjamin-Cummings Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780321597960
File Size: 24,19 MB
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ALERT: Before you purchase, check with your instructor or review your course syllabus to ensure that you select the correct ISBN. Several versions of Pearson's MyLab & Mastering products exist for each title, including customized versions for individual schools, and registrations are not transferable. In addition, you may need a CourseID, provided by your instructor, to register for and use Pearson's MyLab & Mastering products. Packages Access codes for Pearson's MyLab & Mastering products may not be included when purchasing or renting from companies other than Pearson; check with the seller before completing your purchase. Used or rental books If you rent or purchase a used book with an access code, the access code may have been redeemed previously and you may have to purchase a new access code. Access codes Access codes that are purchased from sellers other than Pearson carry a higher risk of being either the wrong ISBN or a previously redeemed code. Check with the seller prior to purchase. -- Supports and motivates you as you learn to think like a biologist. Building upon Scott Freeman's unique narrative style that incorporates the Socratic approach and draws you into thinking like a biologist, the Fourth Edition has been carefully refined to motivate and support a broader range of learners as they are introduced to new concepts and encouraged to develop and practice new skills. Each page of the book is designed in the spirit of active learning and instructional reinforcement, equipping novice learners with tools that help them advance in the course-from recognizing essential information in highlighted sections to demonstrating and applying their understanding of concepts in practice exercises that gradually build in difficulty. New to Freeman's MasteringBiology® online tutorial and assessment system are ten classic experiment tutorials and automatically-graded assignment options that are adapted directly from content and exercises in the book. Package Components: Biological Science, Fourth Edition MasteringBiology® with Pearson eText Student Access Kit

Elephants And Savanna Woodland Ecosystems

Autor: Christina Skarpe
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118858581
File Size: 29,99 MB
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During the nineteenth century, ivory hunting caused asubstantial decrease of elephant numbers in southern Africa. Soonafter that, populations of many other large and medium-sizedherbivores went into steep decline due to the rinderpest pandemicin the 1890s. These two events provided an opportunity for woodlandestablishment in areas previously intensively utilized by elephantsand other herbivores. The return of elephants to currentlyprotected areas of their former range has greatly influencedvegetation locally and the resulting potential negative effects onbiodiversity are causing concern among stakeholders, managers, andscientists. This book focuses on the ecological effects of the increasingelephant population in northern Botswana, presenting the importanceof the elephants for the heterogeneity of the system, and showingthat elephant ecology involves much wider spatiotemporal scalesthan was previously thought. Drawing on the results of theirresearch, the authors discuss elephant-caused effects on vegetationin nutrient-rich and nutrient-poor savannas, and the potentialcompetition between elephants on the one hand and browsers andmixed feeders on the other. Ultimately this text provides a comprehensive review ofecological processes in African savannas, covering long-termecosystem changes and human-wildlife conflicts. It summarises newknowledge on the ecology of the sub-humid African savannaecosystems to advance the general functional understanding ofsavanna ecosystems across moisture and nutrient gradients.

An Introduction To Primate Conservation

Autor: Serge A. Wich
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191008516
File Size: 3,42 MB
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The number of primates on the brink of extinction continues to grow, and the need to respond with effective conservation measures has never been greater. This book provides a comprehensive and state-of-the-art synthesis of research principles and applied management practices for primate conservation. It begins with a consideration of the biological, intellectual, economic, and ecological importance of primates and a summary of the threats that they face, before going on to consider these threats in more detail with chapters on habitat change, trade, hunting, infectious diseases, and climate change. Potential solutions in the form of management practice are examined in detail, including chapters on conservation genetics, protected areas, and translocation. An Introduction to Primate Conservation brings together an international team of specialists with wide-ranging expertise across primate taxa. This is an essential textbook for advanced undergraduates, graduate students, and established researchers in the fields of primate ecology and conservation biology. It will also be a valuable reference for conservation practitioners, land managers, and professional primatologists worldwide.

Aldo Leopold And The Ecological Conscience

Autor: Richard L. Knight
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195348835
File Size: 16,47 MB
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In Aldo Leopold and an Ecological Conscience ecologists, wildlife biologists, and other professional conservationists explore the ecological legacy of Aldo Leopold and his A Sand County Almanac and his contributions to the environmental movement, the philosophy of science, and natural resource management. Twelve personal essays describe the enormous impact he has had on each author, from influencing the daily operations of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the creation of a land-use ethics guide for Forest Service personnel, to much needed inspiration for continuing on in today's large, complex and often problematic world of science. Here is Aldo Leopold as a mentor, friend, and companion and an affirmation of his hope that science will continue to be practiced in the cause of conservation.

Biology Demystified

Autor: Dale Layman
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 0071433872
File Size: 5,87 MB
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Say goodbye to dry presentations, grueling formulas, and abstract theory that would put Einstein to sleep--now there's an easier way to master chemistry, biology, trigonometry, and geometry. McGraw-Hill's Demystified Series teaches complex subjects in a unique, easy-to-absorb manner and is designed for users without formal training, unlimited time, or genius IQs. Organized like self-teaching guides, they come complete with key points, background information, questions at the end of each chapter, and final exams. There's no better way to gain instant expertise! ABOUT BIOLOGY DEMYSTIFIED: * A college biology professor presents the fundamental facts, concepts, and principles of biology in an attractive and amusing framework * Great for anyone with an interest in biology, biotechnology, medicine, or the environment * Coverage includes both the anatomy and physiology of organisms as well as ecology and environmental relationships between organisms * Includes a pronunciation guide for difficult biological terms

Essentials Of Disease In Wild Animals

Autor: Gary A. Wobeser
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118708873
File Size: 15,21 MB
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The interrelationship between wild animal, domestic animals andhuman health is appreciated now more than ever before. This isbecause of the recognition of the involvement of wild animals indiseases of humans and domestic animals, the impact of disease onwildlife management and conservation biology, recognition of newforms of environmental contamination, and academic interest indisease as an ecological factor. This is the first introductory level book about disease in wildanimals that deals with basic subjects such as the nature ofdisease, what causes disease, how disease is described andmeasured, how diseases spread and persist and the effects ofdisease on individual animals and populations. In contrast toauthors of many other veterinary books, Gary A. Wobeser takes amore general approach to health in wild animals, recognizing thatdisease is one ecological factor among many and that disease cannever be considered satisfactorily in isolation. Rather than focuson individual causative agents and their effect on the individualanimal, the emphasis is on why disease occurred, and on the complexinteractions that occur among disease agents, the environment andhost populations. Written by a leading researcher in wildlife diseases, this bookwill fill a knowledge gap for those called to work with disease inwild animals who lack experience or training in the generalfeatures of disease as they relate to wild animals. Veterinarians,ecologists, wildlife biologists, population biologists and publichealth workers will find this book invaluable.

Darwin S Orchids

Autor: Retha Edens-Meier
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226044912
File Size: 8,13 MB
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A quorum of scientists offer reviews and results to celebrate the 150th anniversary of 'On The Various Contrivances By Which British And Foreign Orchids Are Fertilised By Insects, And On The Good Effects Of Intercrossing' (1862). Authors of the first ten chapters follow research on the pollination and breeding systems of the same orchid lineages that interested Darwin, including temperate and tropical species. Authors on the last two chapters provide information on the floral attractants and flowering systems of orchids using protocols and technologies unavailable during Darwin's lifetime.