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Human Transit

Autor: Jarrett Walker
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 1610911741
File Size: 25,36 MB
Format: PDF
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Public transit is a powerful tool for addressing a huge range of urban problems, including traffic congestion and economic development as well as climate change. But while many people support transit in the abstract, it's often hard to channel that support into good transit investments. Part of the problem is that transit debates attract many kinds of experts, who often talk past each other. Ordinary people listen to a little of this and decide that transit is impossible to figure out. Jarrett Walker believes that transit can be simple, if we focus first on the underlying geometry that all transit technologies share. In Human Transit, Walker supplies the basic tools, the critical questions, and the means to make smarter decisions about designing and implementing transit services. Human Transit explains the fundamental geometry of transit that shapes successful systems; the process for fitting technology to a particular community; and the local choices that lead to transit-friendly development. Whether you are in the field or simply a concerned citizen, here is an accessible guide to achieving successful public transit that will enrich any community.

Mapping London

Autor: Simon Foxell
Publisher: Black Dog Pub Limited
ISBN: 9781906155452
File Size: 25,85 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Mapping London: Making Sense of the City is a beautiful, compelling anthology of over six centuries of London maps, tracing the mesmerising evolution of the city and exploring the hopes and fears of its inhabitants as history unfolds. Now released in Paperback. The book is a cartographic journey, charting the influence of Roman city planning, Saxon feudalism, Medieval tumult, imperial hubris, contemporary town planning and more on this great metropolis. It includes over 200 maps, from literary imaginings and utopian prophecies to portrayals of London in contemporary computer games, comics and online—as well as the timeless Monopoly board. The maps in this comprehensive survey are allowed to speak for themselves, revealing not only their political and social context, but also the dreams of their makers and the drama of their creation. The maps are often objects of great skill and beauty themselves, with the names of the greatest of their makers still revered today. Much more is revealed by the maps than the cartographers themselves could have envisaged, they provide enthralling insights into events including the Great Fire of London, the Plague and the Industrial Revolution. The city's more recent history is also investigated, including the irrevocable change of the two World Wars and the redevelopment planned for the 2012 Olympics. The book is split into four sections, each beginning with a short introduction and beautifully illustrated by the maps themselves: London Change and Growth; Serving the City; Living in the City; and Imagining London. Including engaging and illuminating essays exploring the history of the maps and how they have been used for social, political and commercial purposes, Mapping London: Making Sense of the City is a lavishly illustrated book which explores the city through the ages in all its labyrinthine glory. Perfect both for gifts and for all those serious about maps and cartography.

Transport Climate Change And The City

Autor: Robin Hickman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135108021
File Size: 21,51 MB
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Sustainable mobility has long been sought after in cities around the world, particularly in industrialised countries, but also increasingly in the emerging cities in Asia. Progress however appears difficult to make as the private car, still largely fuelled by petrol or diesel, remains the mainstream mode of use. Transport is the key sector where carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions seem difficult to reduce. Transport, Climate Change and the City seeks to develop achievable and low transport CO2 emission futures in a range of international case studies, including in London, Oxfordshire, Delhi, Jinan and Auckland. The aim is that the scenarios as developed, and the consideration of implementation and governance issues, can help us plan for and achieve attractive future travel behaviours at the city level. The alternative is to continue with only incremental progress against CO2 reduction targets, to ‘sleepwalk’ into climate change difficulties, oil scarcity, a poor quality of life, and to continue with the high traffic casualty figures. The topic is thus critical, with transport viewed as central to the achievement of the sustainable city and reduced CO2 emissions.

Optimal Transport For Applied Mathematicians

Autor: Filippo Santambrogio
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3319208284
File Size: 11,14 MB
Format: PDF
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This monograph presents a rigorous mathematical introduction to optimal transport as a variational problem, its use in modeling various phenomena, and its connections with partial differential equations. Its main goal is to provide the reader with the techniques necessary to understand the current research in optimal transport and the tools which are most useful for its applications. Full proofs are used to illustrate mathematical concepts and each chapter includes a section that discusses applications of optimal transport to various areas, such as economics, finance, potential games, image processing and fluid dynamics. Several topics are covered that have never been previously in books on this subject, such as the Knothe transport, the properties of functionals on measures, the Dacorogna-Moser flow, the formulation through minimal flows with prescribed divergence formulation, the case of the supremal cost, and the most classical numerical methods. Graduate students and researchers in both pure and applied mathematics interested in the problems and applications of optimal transport will find this to be an invaluable resource.

Esri Map Book

Autor: Esri
Publisher: ESRI Press
ISBN: 9781589483576
File Size: 28,77 MB
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The annual Esri Map Book showcases the most creative and fascinating maps presented at the annual Esri International User Conference Map Gallery exhibition.

Introduction To Transport Economics

Autor: David J. Spurling
Publisher: Universal-Publishers
ISBN: 1599428989
File Size: 9,87 MB
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Introduction to Transport Economics looks at the different modes of transport and investigates the past and present influences on their behaviour. The author's experience of teaching and working in the industry has led him to believe that it is difficult to understand the present without some knowledge of the past. He discusses the future of transport; in the light of climate change and likely fossil fuel shortages, it is important to have a clear idea of what we wish to achieve with a transport system. Also included are a chapter on developing countries, as well as a chapter about international transport as a whole. Too often transport has been a political shuttlecock without any long-term vision. Part of the aim of this book is to enable people who read it to have a greater idea of what the industry is about. The author carefully scrutinises the ways in which government has influenced transport policy, as well as the control of the transport industry. The book also includes questions and specimen answers, since for many students it is difficult to know how to start writing essays.

House Of Commons Transport Committee The Performance Of The London Underground

Autor: Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons. Transport Committee
Publisher: The Stationery Office
ISBN: 9780215022912
File Size: 13,84 MB
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The Public Private Partnership (PPP) for London Underground was signed on 31 December 2002 and two consortia look after the infrastructure of the Tube network on thirty-year contracts, which are reviewed every seven and a half years. The concern of the Committee is to monitor how the arrangements are working in practice and this report, with its evidence is part of that process. The subjects covered are: major works; performance; safety; London Underground's powers; ownership. On the evidence it has received the Committee doubts that the improvements in facilities and performance are in proportion to the sums of money flowing through the PPP.

Graph Drawing

Autor: Patrick Healy
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540314253
File Size: 16,75 MB
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The 13th International Symposium on Graph Drawing (GD 2005) was held in Limerick, Ireland, September 12-14, 2005. One hundred and ?fteen participants from 19 countries attended GD 2005. In response to the call for papers the Program Committee received 101 subm- sions, each detailing original research or a system demonstration. Each submission was reviewed by at least three Program Committee members; each referee’s c- ments were returned to the authors. Following extensive discussions, the comm- tee accepted 38 long papers, 3 short papers and 3 long system demos, each of which were presented during one of the conference’s 12 sessions. Eight posters were also accepted and were on display throughout the conference. Two invited speakers, Kurt Mehlhorn and George Robertson, gave fascinating talks during the conference. Prof. Mehlhorn spoke on the use of minimum cycle bases for reconstructing surfaces, while Dr. Robertson gave a perspective, past and present, on the visualization of hierarchies. As is now traditional, a graph drawing contest was held during the conference. The accompanying report, written by Stephen Kobourov, details this year’s c- test. This year a day-long workshop, organized by Seok-Hee Hong and Dorothea Wagner, was held in conjunction with the conference. A report on the “Workshop on Network Analysis and Visualization,” written by Seok-Hee Hong, is included in the proceedings.

The Secret History Of The Roman Roads Of Britain

Autor: M.C. Bishop
Publisher: Pen and Sword
ISBN: 1473837251
File Size: 18,89 MB
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There have been many books on Britain's Roman roads, but none have considered in any depth their long-term strategic impact. Mike Bishop shows how the road network was vital not only in the Roman strategy of conquest and occupation, but influenced the course of British military history during subsequent ages. ??The author starts with the pre-Roman origins of the network (many Roman roads being built over prehistoric routes) before describing how the Roman army built, developed, maintained and used it. Then, uniquely, he moves on to the post-Roman history of the roads. He shows how they were crucial to medieval military history (try to find a medieval battle that is not near one) and the governance of the realm, fixing the itinerary of the royal progresses. Their legacy is still clear in the building of 18th century military roads and even in the development of the modern road network. Why have some parts of the network remained in use throughout??The text is supported with clear maps and photographs. ??Most books on Roman roads are concerned with cataloguing or tracing them, or just dealing with aspects like surveying. This one makes them part of military landscape archaeology.

City Cycling

Autor: John Pucher
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262304996
File Size: 12,90 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Bicycling in cities is booming, for many reasons: health and environmental benefits, time and cost savings, more and better bike lanes and paths, innovative bike sharing programs, and the sheer fun of riding. City Cycling offers a guide to this urban cycling renaissance, with the goal of promoting cycling as sustainable urban transportation available to everyone. It reports on cycling trends and policies in cities in North America, Europe, and Australia, and offers information on such topics as cycling safety, cycling infrastructure provisions including bikeways and bike parking, the wide range of bike designs and bike equipment, integration of cycling with public transportation, and promoting cycling for women and children. City Cycling emphasizes that bicycling should not be limited to those who are highly trained, extremely fit, and daring enough to battle traffic on busy roads. The chapters describe ways to make city cycling feasible, convenient, and safe for commutes to work and school, shopping trips, visits, and other daily transportation needs. The book also offers detailed examinations and illustrations of cycling conditions in different urban environments: small cities (including Davis, California, and Delft, the Netherlands), large cities (including Sydney, Chicago, Toronto and Berlin), and "megacities" (London, New York, Paris, and Tokyo). These chapters offer a closer look at how cities both with and without historical cycling cultures have developed cycling programs over time. The book makes clear that successful promotion of city cycling depends on coordinating infrastructure, programs, and government policies.

On The Map

Autor: Simon Garfield
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101606576
File Size: 5,83 MB
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Cartography enthusiasts rejoice: the bestselling author of Just My Type reveals the fascinating relationship between man and map. Simon Garfield’s Just My Type illuminated the world of fonts and made everyone take a stand on Comic Sans and care about kerning. Now Garfield takes on a subject even dearer to our fanatical human hearts: maps. Imagine a world without maps. How would we travel? Could we own land? What would men and women argue about in cars? Scientists have even suggested that mapping—not language—is what elevated our prehistoric ancestors from ape-dom. Follow the history of maps from the early explorers’ maps and the awe-inspiring medieval Mappa Mundi to Google Maps and the satellite renderings on our smartphones, Garfield explores the unique way that maps relate and realign our history—and reflect the best and worst of what makes us human. Featuring a foreword by Dava Sobel and packed with fascinating tales of cartographic intrigue, outsize personalities, and amusing “pocket maps” on an array of subjects from how to fold a map to the strangest maps on the Internet, On the Map is a rich historical tapestry infused with Garfield’s signature narrative flair. Map-obsessives and everyone who loved Just My Type will be lining up to join Garfield on his audacious journey through time and around the globe.

Rock Damage And Fluid Transport

Autor: Arno Zang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3764381248
File Size: 29,11 MB
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Mechanical properties and fluid transport in rocks are intimately linked as deformation of a solid rock matrix immediately affects the pore space and permeability. Part I of this topical volume covers mainly the nucleation and evolution of crack damage in rocks, new or modified techniques to measure rock fracture toughness and a discussion of upscaling techniques relating mechanical and fluid transport behaviour in rocks at different spatial scales.

London On Two Wheels

Autor: Patrick Field
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 0091960231
File Size: 7,63 MB
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"Discover London's most iconic monuments, bridges, palaces, parks and rivers, all on two wheels with this comprehensive guide. From St. Paul's Cathedral and the West End to the serenity of Hyde Park and Kensington Palace, these routes will take you on some fascinating journeys through our world-famous city."--Page 4 of cover.

The Eternal Slum

Autor: Anthony S. Wohl
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 9781412822817
File Size: 21,27 MB
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The problem of how, where, and on what terms to house the urban masses in an industrial society remains unresolved to this day. In nineteenth-century Victorian England, overcrowding was the most obvious characteristic of urban housing and, despite constant agitation, it remained widespread and persistent in London and other great cities such as Manchester, Glasgow, and Liverpool well into the twentieth century. The Eternal Slum is the first full-length examination of working-class housing issues in a British town. The city investigated not only provided the context for the development of a national policy but also, in scale and variety of response, stood in the vanguard of housing reform. The failure of traditional methods of social amelioration in mid-century, the mounting storm of public protest, the efforts of individual philanthropists, and then the gradual formulation and application of new remedies, constituted a major theme: the need for municipal enterprise and state intervention. Meanwhile, the concept of overcrowding, never precisely defined in law but based on middle-class notions of decency and privacy, slowly gave way to the positive idea of adequate living space, with comfort, as much as health or morals, the criterion. Not just dwellings but people were at issue. There is little evidence in this period of the attitude of the worker himself to his housing. Wohl has extensively researched local archives and, in particular, drawn on the vestry reports which have been relatively neglected. Profusely illustrated with contemporary photographs and drawings, this book is the definitive study of the housing reform movement in Victorian and Edwardian London and suggests what it was really like to live under such appalling conditions. This important study will be of interest to social historians, British historians, urban planners, and those interested in how social policies developed in previous eras.