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Multiple Imputation Of Missing Data Using Sas

Autor: Patricia Berglund
Publisher: SAS Institute
ISBN: 1629592056
File Size: 26,24 MB
Format: PDF
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Written for users with an intermediate background in SAS programming and statistics, this book is an excellent resource for anyone seeking guidance on multiple imputation. It provides both theoretical background and practical solutions for those working with incomplete data sets in an engaging example-driven format.

Multiple Imputation Of Missing Data Using Sas

Autor: Patricia Berglund
Publisher: SAS Institute
ISBN: 162959203X
File Size: 4,43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 3846
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Find guidance on using SAS for multiple imputation and solving common missing data issues. Multiple Imputation of Missing Data Using SAS provides both theoretical background and constructive solutions for those working with incomplete data sets in an engaging example-driven format. It offers practical instruction on the use of SAS for multiple imputation and provides numerous examples that use a variety of public release data sets with applications to survey data. Written for users with an intermediate background in SAS programming and statistics, this book is an excellent resource for anyone seeking guidance on multiple imputation. The authors cover the MI and MIANALYZE procedures in detail, along with other procedures used for analysis of complete data sets. They guide analysts through the multiple imputation process, including evaluation of missing data patterns, choice of an imputation method, execution of the process, and interpretation of results. Topics discussed include how to deal with missing data problems in a statistically appropriate manner, how to intelligently select an imputation method, how to incorporate the uncertainty introduced by the imputation process, and how to incorporate the complex sample design (if appropriate) through use of the SAS SURVEY procedures. Discover the theoretical background and see extensive applications of the multiple imputation process in action. This book is part of the SAS Press program.

Multiple Imputation Of Missing Data Using Sas

Autor: Patricia Berglund
Publisher: Sas Inst
ISBN: 9781612904528
File Size: 25,51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Read: 8445
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Written for users with an intermediate background in SAS programming and statistics, this book is an excellent resource for anyone seeking guidance on multiple imputation. It provides both theoretical background and practical solutions for those working with incomplete data sets in an engaging example-driven format.

Multiple Imputation In Practice

Autor: Trivellore Raghunathan
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498770177
File Size: 24,46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Multiple Imputation in Practice: With Examples Using IVEware provides practical guidance on multiple imputation analysis, from simple to complex problems using real and simulated data sets. Data sets from cross-sectional, retrospective, prospective and longitudinal studies, randomized clinical trials, complex sample surveys are used to illustrate both simple, and complex analyses. Version 0.3 of IVEware, the software developed by the University of Michigan, is used to illustrate analyses. IVEware can multiply impute missing values, analyze multiply imputed data sets, incorporate complex sample design features, and be used for other statistical analyses framed as missing data problems. IVEware can be used under Windows, Linux, and Mac, and with software packages like SAS, SPSS, Stata, and R, or as a stand-alone tool. This book will be helpful to researchers looking for guidance on the use of multiple imputation to address missing data problems, along with examples of correct analysis techniques.

Multiple Imputation And Its Application

Autor: James Carpenter
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119942276
File Size: 30,22 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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A practical guide to analysing partially observeddata. Collecting, analysing and drawing inferences from data iscentral to research in the medical and social sciences.Unfortunately, it is rarely possible to collect all the intendeddata. The literature on inference from the resultingincomplete data is now huge, and continues to grow both asmethods are developed for large and complex data structures, and asincreasing computer power and suitable software enable researchersto apply these methods. This book focuses on a particular statistical method foranalysing and drawing inferences from incomplete data, calledMultiple Imputation (MI). MI is attractive because it is bothpractical and widely applicable. The authors aim is to clarify theissues raised by missing data, describing the rationale for MI, therelationship between the various imputation models and associatedalgorithms and its application to increasingly complex datastructures. Multiple Imputation and its Application: Discusses the issues raised by the analysis of partiallyobserved data, and the assumptions on which analyses rest. Presents a practical guide to the issues to consider whenanalysing incomplete data from both observational studies andrandomized trials. Provides a detailed discussion of the practical use of MI withreal-world examples drawn from medical and social statistics. Explores handling non-linear relationships and interactionswith multiple imputation, survival analysis, multilevel multipleimputation, sensitivity analysis via multiple imputation, usingnon-response weights with multiple imputation and doubly robustmultiple imputation. Multiple Imputation and its Application is aimed atquantitative researchers and students in the medical and socialsciences with the aim of clarifying the issues raised by theanalysis of incomplete data data, outlining the rationale for MIand describing how to consider and address the issues that arise inits application.

Flexible Imputation Of Missing Data Second Edition

Autor: Stef van Buuren
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0429960344
File Size: 27,46 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Missing data pose challenges to real-life data analysis. Simple ad-hoc fixes, like deletion or mean imputation, only work under highly restrictive conditions, which are often not met in practice. Multiple imputation replaces each missing value by multiple plausible values. The variability between these replacements reflects our ignorance of the true (but missing) value. Each of the completed data set is then analyzed by standard methods, and the results are pooled to obtain unbiased estimates with correct confidence intervals. Multiple imputation is a general approach that also inspires novel solutions to old problems by reformulating the task at hand as a missing-data problem. This is the second edition of a popular book on multiple imputation, focused on explaining the application of methods through detailed worked examples using the MICE package as developed by the author. This new edition incorporates the recent developments in this fast-moving field. This class-tested book avoids mathematical and technical details as much as possible: formulas are accompanied by verbal statements that explain the formula in accessible terms. The book sharpens the reader’s intuition on how to think about missing data, and provides all the tools needed to execute a well-grounded quantitative analysis in the presence of missing data.

Clinical Trials With Missing Data

Autor: Michael O'Kelly
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118762533
File Size: 4,22 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book provides practical guidance for statisticians, clinicians, and researchers involved in clinical trials in the biopharmaceutical industry, medical and public health organisations. Academics and students needing an introduction to handling missing data will also find this book invaluable. The authors describe how missing data can affect the outcome and credibility of a clinical trial, show by examples how a clinical team can work to prevent missing data, and present the reader with approaches to address missing data effectively. The book is illustrated throughout with realistic case studies and worked examples, and presents clear and concise guidelines to enable good planning for missing data. The authors show how to handle missing data in a way that is transparent and easy to understand for clinicians, regulators and patients. New developments are presented to improve the choice and implementation of primary and sensitivity analyses for missing data. Many SAS code examples are included – the reader is given a toolbox for implementing analyses under a variety of assumptions.

Analysis Of Observational Health Care Data Using Sas

Autor: Douglas E. Faries
Publisher: SAS Institute
ISBN: 9781607644248
File Size: 17,64 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 7194
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This book guides researchers in performing and presenting high-quality analyses of all kinds of non-randomized studies, including analyses of observational studies, claims database analyses, assessment of registry data, survey data, pharmaco-economic data, and many more applications. The text is sufficiently detailed to provide not only general guidance, but to help the researcher through all of the standard issues that arise in such analyses. Just enough theory is included to allow the reader to understand the pros and cons of alternative approaches and when to use each method. The numerous contributors to this book illustrate, via real-world numerical examples and SAS code, appropriate implementations of alternative methods. The end result is that researchers will learn how to present high-quality and transparent analyses that will lead to fair and objective decisions from observational data. This book is part of the SAS Press program.

Missing Data

Autor: John W. Graham
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461440181
File Size: 13,96 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Missing data have long plagued those conducting applied research in the social, behavioral, and health sciences. Good missing data analysis solutions are available, but practical information about implementation of these solutions has been lacking. The objective of Missing Data: Analysis and Design is to enable investigators who are non-statisticians to implement modern missing data procedures properly in their research, and reap the benefits in terms of improved accuracy and statistical power. Missing Data: Analysis and Design contains essential information for both beginners and advanced readers. For researchers with limited missing data analysis experience, this book offers an easy-to-read introduction to the theoretical underpinnings of analysis of missing data; provides clear, step-by-step instructions for performing state-of-the-art multiple imputation analyses; and offers practical advice, based on over 20 years' experience, for avoiding and troubleshooting problems. For more advanced readers, unique discussions of attrition, non-Monte-Carlo techniques for simulations involving missing data, evaluation of the benefits of auxiliary variables, and highly cost-effective planned missing data designs are provided. The author lays out missing data theory in a plain English style that is accessible and precise. Most analysis described in the book are conducted using the well-known statistical software packages SAS and SPSS, supplemented by Norm 2.03 and associated Java-based automation utilities. A related web site contains free downloads of the supplementary software, as well as sample empirical data sets and a variety of practical exercises described in the book to enhance and reinforce the reader’s learning experience. Missing Data: Analysis and Design and its web site work together to enable beginners to gain confidence in their ability to conduct missing data analysis, and more advanced readers to expand their skill set.

Analysis Of Clinical Trials Using Sas

Autor: Alex Dmitrienko
Publisher: SAS Institute
ISBN: 1635261449
File Size: 30,10 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 9654
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Analysis of Clinical Trials Using SAS®: A Practical Guide, Second Edition bridges the gap between modern statistical methodology and real-world clinical trial applications. Tutorial material and step-by-step instructions illustrated with examples from actual trials serve to define relevant statistical approaches, describe their clinical trial applications, and implement the approaches rapidly and efficiently using the power of SAS. Topics reflect the International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) guidelines for the pharmaceutical industry and address important statistical problems encountered in clinical trials. Commonly used methods are covered, including dose-escalation and dose-finding methods that are applied in Phase I and Phase II clinical trials, as well as important trial designs and analysis strategies that are employed in Phase II and Phase III clinical trials, such as multiplicity adjustment, data monitoring, and methods for handling incomplete data. This book also features recommendations from clinical trial experts and a discussion of relevant regulatory guidelines. This new edition includes more examples and case studies, new approaches for addressing statistical problems, and the following new technological updates: SAS procedures used in group sequential trials (PROC SEQDESIGN and PROC SEQTEST) SAS procedures used in repeated measures analysis (PROC GLIMMIX and PROC GEE) macros for implementing a broad range of randomization-based methods in clinical trials, performing complex multiplicity adjustments, and investigating the design and analysis of early phase trials (Phase I dose-escalation trials and Phase II dose-finding trials) Clinical statisticians, research scientists, and graduate students in biostatistics will greatly benefit from the decades of clinical research experience and the ready-to-use SAS macros compiled in this book.

Analysis Of Observational Health Care Data Using Sas

Autor: Douglas E. Faries
Publisher: SAS Institute
ISBN: 9781607644248
File Size: 29,18 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 310
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This book guides researchers in performing and presenting high-quality analyses of all kinds of non-randomized studies, including analyses of observational studies, claims database analyses, assessment of registry data, survey data, pharmaco-economic data, and many more applications. The text is sufficiently detailed to provide not only general guidance, but to help the researcher through all of the standard issues that arise in such analyses. Just enough theory is included to allow the reader to understand the pros and cons of alternative approaches and when to use each method. The numerous contributors to this book illustrate, via real-world numerical examples and SAS code, appropriate implementations of alternative methods. The end result is that researchers will learn how to present high-quality and transparent analyses that will lead to fair and objective decisions from observational data. This book is part of the SAS Press program.

Statistical Programming With Sas Iml Software

Autor: Rick Wicklin
Publisher: SAS Institute
ISBN: 1607647702
File Size: 28,92 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 6856
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Annotation SAS/IML software is a powerful tool for data analysts because it enables implementation of statistical algorithms that are not available in any SAS procedure. Rick Wicklin's Statistical Programming with SAS/IML Software is the first book to provide a comprehensive description of the software and how to use it. He presents tips and techniques that enable you to use the IML procedure and the SAS/IML Studio application efficiently. In addition to providing a comprehensive introduction to the software, the book also shows how to create and modify statistical graphs, call SAS procedures and R functions from a SAS/IML program, and implement such modern statistical techniques as simulations and bootstrap methods in the SAS/IML language. Written for data analysts working in all industries, graduate students, and consultants, Statistical Programming with SAS/IML Software includes numerous code snippets and more than 100 graphs.

Applied Missing Data Analysis

Autor: Craig K. Enders
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1606236407
File Size: 12,77 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Walking readers step by step through complex concepts, this book translates missing data techniques into something that applied researchers and graduate students can understand and utilize in their own research. Enders explains the rationale and procedural details for maximum likelihood estimation, Bayesian estimation, multiple imputation, and models for handling missing not at random (MNAR) data. Easy-to-follow examples and small simulated data sets illustrate the techniques and clarify the underlying principles. The companion website (www.appliedmissingdata.com) includes data files and syntax for the examples in the book as well as up-to-date information on software. The book is accessible to substantive researchers while providing a level of detail that will satisfy quantitative specialists.

Multiple Imputation For Nonresponse In Surveys

Autor: Donald B. Rubin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470317361
File Size: 18,84 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Demonstrates how nonresponse in sample surveys and censuses can be handled by replacing each missing value with two or more multiple imputations. Clearly illustrates the advantages of modern computing to such handle surveys, and demonstrates the benefit of this statistical technique for researchers who must analyze them. Also presents the background for Bayesian and frequentist theory. After establishing that only standard complete-data methods are needed to analyze a multiply-imputed set, the text evaluates procedures in general circumstances, outlining specific procedures for creating imputations in both the ignorable and nonignorable cases. Examples and exercises reinforce ideas, and the interplay of Bayesian and frequentist ideas presents a unified picture of modern statistics.

Simulating Data With Sas

Autor: Rick Wicklin
Publisher: SAS Institute
ISBN: 1612903320
File Size: 21,56 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Read: 1931
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Data simulation is a fundamental technique in statistical programming and research. Rick Wicklin's Simulating Data with SAS brings together the most useful algorithms and the best programming techniques for efficient data simulation in an accessible how-to book for practicing statisticians and statistical programmers. This book discusses in detail how to simulate data from common univariate and multivariate distributions, and how to use simulation to evaluate statistical techniques. It also covers simulating correlated data, data for regression models, spatial data, and data with given moments. It provides tips and techniques for beginning programmers, and offers libraries of functions for advanced practitioners. As the first book devoted to simulating data across a range of statistical applications, Simulating Data with SAS is an essential tool for programmers, analysts, researchers, and students who use SAS software.SAS Products and Releases: Base SAS: 9.3 SAS/ETS: 9.3 SAS/IML: 9.3 SAS/STAT: 9.3 Operating Systems: All

Data Preparation For Data Mining Using Sas

Autor: Mamdouh Refaat
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080491004
File Size: 6,55 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Are you a data mining analyst, who spends up to 80% of your time assuring data quality, then preparing that data for developing and deploying predictive models? And do you find lots of literature on data mining theory and concepts, but when it comes to practical advice on developing good mining views find little “how to information? And are you, like most analysts, preparing the data in SAS? This book is intended to fill this gap as your source of practical recipes. It introduces a framework for the process of data preparation for data mining, and presents the detailed implementation of each step in SAS. In addition, business applications of data mining modeling require you to deal with a large number of variables, typically hundreds if not thousands. Therefore, the book devotes several chapters to the methods of data transformation and variable selection. A complete framework for the data preparation process, including implementation details for each step. The complete SAS implementation code, which is readily usable by professional analysts and data miners. A unique and comprehensive approach for the treatment of missing values, optimal binning, and cardinality reduction. Assumes minimal proficiency in SAS and includes a quick-start chapter on writing SAS macros.

Complex Survey Data Analysis With Sas

Autor: Taylor H. Lewis
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315349779
File Size: 19,95 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Complex Survey Data Analysis with SAS® is an invaluable resource for applied researchers analyzing data generated from a sample design involving any combination of stratification, clustering, unequal weights, or finite population correction factors. After clearly explaining how the presence of these features can invalidate the assumptions underlying most traditional statistical techniques, this book equips readers with the knowledge to confidently account for them during the estimation and inference process by employing the SURVEY family of SAS/STAT® procedures. The book offers comprehensive coverage of the most essential topics, including: Drawing random samples Descriptive statistics for continuous and categorical variables Fitting and interpreting linear and logistic regression models Survival analysis Domain estimation Replication variance estimation methods Weight adjustment and imputation methods for handling missing data The easy-to-follow examples are drawn from real-world survey data sets spanning multiple disciplines, all of which can be downloaded for free along with syntax files from the author’s website: http://mason.gmu.edu/~tlewis18/. While other books may touch on some of the same issues and nuances of complex survey data analysis, none features SAS exclusively and as exhaustively. Another unique aspect of this book is its abundance of handy workarounds for certain techniques not yet supported as of SAS Version 9.4, such as the ratio estimator for a total and the bootstrap for variance estimation. Taylor H. Lewis is a PhD graduate of the Joint Program in Survey Methodology at the University of Maryland, College Park, and an adjunct professor in the George Mason University Department of Statistics. An avid SAS user for 15 years, he is a SAS Certified Advanced programmer and a nationally recognized SAS educator who has produced dozens of papers and workshops illustrating how to efficiently and effectively conduct statistical analyses using SAS.

The Prevention And Treatment Of Missing Data In Clinical Trials

Autor: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309158141
File Size: 24,39 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Randomized clinical trials are the primary tool for evaluating new medical interventions. Randomization provides for a fair comparison between treatment and control groups, balancing out, on average, distributions of known and unknown factors among the participants. Unfortunately, these studies often lack a substantial percentage of data. This missing data reduces the benefit provided by the randomization and introduces potential biases in the comparison of the treatment groups. Missing data can arise for a variety of reasons, including the inability or unwillingness of participants to meet appointments for evaluation. And in some studies, some or all of data collection ceases when participants discontinue study treatment. Existing guidelines for the design and conduct of clinical trials, and the analysis of the resulting data, provide only limited advice on how to handle missing data. Thus, approaches to the analysis of data with an appreciable amount of missing values tend to be ad hoc and variable. The Prevention and Treatment of Missing Data in Clinical Trials concludes that a more principled approach to design and analysis in the presence of missing data is both needed and possible. Such an approach needs to focus on two critical elements: (1) careful design and conduct to limit the amount and impact of missing data and (2) analysis that makes full use of information on all randomized participants and is based on careful attention to the assumptions about the nature of the missing data underlying estimates of treatment effects. In addition to the highest priority recommendations, the book offers more detailed recommendations on the conduct of clinical trials and techniques for analysis of trial data.

Statistical Analysis With Missing Data

Autor: Roderick J. A. Little
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 0470526793
File Size: 4,53 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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An up-to-date, comprehensive treatment of a classic text on missing data in statistics The topic of missing data has gained considerable attention in recent decades. This new edition by two acknowledged experts on the subject offers an up-to-date account of practical methodology for handling missing data problems. Blending theory and application, authors Roderick Little and Donald Rubin review historical approaches to the subject and describe simple methods for multivariate analysis with missing values. They then provide a coherent theory for analysis of problems based on likelihoods derived from statistical models for the data and the missing data mechanism, and then they apply the theory to a wide range of important missing data problems. Statistical Analysis with Missing Data, Third Edition starts by introducing readers to the subject and approaches toward solving it. It looks at the patterns and mechanisms that create the missing data, as well as a taxonomy of missing data. It then goes on to examine missing data in experiments, before discussing complete-case and available-case analysis, including weighting methods. The new edition expands its coverage to include recent work on topics such as nonresponse in sample surveys, causal inference, diagnostic methods, and sensitivity analysis, among a host of other topics. An updated “classic” written by renowned authorities on the subject Features over 150 exercises (including many new ones) Covers recent work on important methods like multiple imputation, robust alternatives to weighting, and Bayesian methods Revises previous topics based on past student feedback and class experience Contains an updated and expanded bibliography Statistical Analysis with Missing Data, Third Edition is an ideal textbook for upper undergraduate and/or beginning graduate level students of the subject. It is also an excellent source of information for applied statisticians and practitioners in government and industry.