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Professional Test Driven Development With C

Autor: James Bender
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 047064320X
File Size: 8,69 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 468
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Hands-on guidance to creating great test-driven development practice Test-driven development (TDD) practice helps developers recognize a well-designed application, and encourages writing a test before writing the functionality that needs to be implemented. This hands-on guide provides invaluable insight for creating successful test-driven development processes. With source code and examples featured in both C# and .NET, the book walks you through the TDD methodology and shows how it is applied to a real-world application. You’ll witness the application built from scratch and details each step that is involved in the development, as well as any problems that were encountered and the solutions that were applied. Clarifies the motivation behind test-driven development (TDD), what it is, and how it works Reviews the various steps involved in developing an application and the testing that is involved prior to implementing the functionality Discusses unit testing and refactoring Professional Test-Driven Development with C# shows you how to create great TDD processes right away.

Practical Test Driven Development Using C 7

Autor: John Callaway
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781788398787
File Size: 10,16 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Develop applications for the real world with a thorough software testing approach Key Features Develop a thorough understanding of TDD and how it can help you develop simpler applications with no defects using C# and JavaScript Adapt to the mindset of writing tests before code by incorporating business goals, code manageability, and other factors Make all your software units and modules pass tests by analyzing failed tests and refactoring code as and when required Book Description Test-Driven Development (TDD) is a methodology that helps you to write as little as code as possible to satisfy software requirements, and ensures that what you've written does what it's supposed to do. If you're looking for a practical resource on Test-Driven Development this is the book for you. You've found a practical end-to-end guide that will help you implement Test-Driven Techniques for your software development projects. You will learn from industry standard patterns and practices, and shift from a conventional approach to a modern and efficient software testing approach in C# and JavaScript. This book starts with the basics of TDD and the components of a simple unit test. Then we look at setting up the testing framework so that you can easily run your tests in your development environment. You will then see the importance of defining and testing boundaries, abstracting away third-party code (including the .NET Framework), and working with different types of test double such as spies, mocks, and fakes. Moving on, you will learn how to think like a TDD developer when it comes to application development. Next, you'll focus on writing tests for new/changing requirements and covering newly discovered bugs, along with how to test JavaScript applications and perform integration testing. You'll also learn how to identify code that is inherently un-testable, and identify some of the major problems with legacy applications that weren't written with testability in mind. By the end of the book, you'll have all the TDD skills you'll need and you'll be able to re-enter the world as a TDD expert! What you will learn The core concepts of TDD Testing in action with a real-world case study in C# and JavaScript using React Writing proper Unit Tests and testable code for your application Using different types of test double such as stubs, spies, and mocks Growing an application guided by tests Exploring new developments on a green-field application Mitigating the problems associated with writing tests for legacy applications Modifying a legacy application to make it testable Who this book is for This book is for software developers with a basic knowledge of Test Driven Development (TDD) who want a thorough understanding of how TDD can benefit them and the applications they produce. The examples in this book are in C#, and you will need a basic understanding of C# to work through these examples.

Test Driven Development For Embedded C

Autor: James W. Grenning
Publisher: Pragmatic Bookshelf
ISBN: 1680504886
File Size: 9,43 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 8902
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Another day without Test-Driven Development means more time wasted chasing bugs and watching your code deteriorate. You thought TDD was for someone else, but it's not! It's for you, the embedded C programmer. TDD helps you prevent defects and build software with a long useful life. This is the first book to teach the hows and whys of TDD for C programmers. TDD is a modern programming practice C developers need to know. It's a different way to program---unit tests are written in a tight feedback loop with the production code, assuring your code does what you think. You get valuable feedback every few minutes. You find mistakes before they become bugs. You get early warning of design problems. You get immediate notification of side effect defects. You get to spend more time adding valuable features to your product. James is one of the few experts in applying TDD to embedded C. With his 1.5 decades of training,coaching, and practicing TDD in C, C++, Java, and C# he will lead you from being a novice in TDD to using the techniques that few have mastered. This book is full of code written for embedded C programmers. You don't just see the end product, you see code and tests evolve. James leads you through the thought process and decisions made each step of the way. You'll learn techniques for test-driving code right nextto the hardware, and you'll learn design principles and how to apply them to C to keep your code clean and flexible. To run the examples in this book, you will need a C/C++ development environment on your machine, and the GNU GCC tool chain or Microsoft Visual Studio for C++ (some project conversion may be needed).

Agile Java

Autor: Jeff Langr
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780131482395
File Size: 23,81 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 1873
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Master Java 5.0 and TDD Together: Build More Robust, Professional Software Master Java 5.0, object-oriented design, and Test-Driven Development (TDD) by learning them together. Agile Java weaves all three into a single coherent approach to building professional, robust software systems. Jeff Langr shows exactly how Java and TDD integrate throughout the entire development lifecycle, helping you leverage today's fastest, most efficient development techniques from the very outset. Langr writes for every programmer, even those with little or no experience with Java, object-oriented development, or agile methods. He shows how to translate oral requirements into practical tests, and then how to use those tests to create reliable, high-performance Java code that solves real problems. Agile Java doesn't just teach the core features of the Java language: it presents coded test examples for each of them. This TDD-centered approach doesn't just lead to better code: it provides powerful feedback that will help you learn Java far more rapidly. The use of TDD as a learning mechanism is a landmark departure from conventional teaching techniques. Presents an expert overview of TDD and agile programming techniques from the Java developer's perspective Brings together practical best practices for Java, TDD, and OO design Walks through setting up Java 5.0 and writing your first program Covers all the basics, including strings, packages, and more Simplifies object-oriented concepts, including classes, interfaces, polymorphism, and inheritance Contains detailed chapters on exceptions and logging, math, I/O, reflection, multithreading, and Swing Offers seamlessly-integrated explanations of Java 5.0's key innovations, from generics to annotations Shows how TDD impacts system design, and vice versa Complements any agile or traditional methodology, including Extreme Programming (XP) (c) Copyright Pearson Education. All rights reserved.

Test Driven Development

Autor: Kent Beck
Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional
ISBN: 0321146530
File Size: 17,97 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Write clean code that works with the help of this groundbreaking software method. Example-driven teaching is the basis of Beck's step-by-step instruction that will have readers using TDD to further their projects.

Test Driven Javascript Development

Autor: Christian Johansen
Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional
ISBN: 0321684052
File Size: 29,35 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 2802
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For JavaScript developers working on increasingly large and complex projects, effective automated testing is crucial to success. Test-Driven JavaScript Development is a complete, best-practice guide to agile JavaScript testing and quality assurance with the test-driven development (TDD) methodology. Leading agile JavaScript developer Christian Johansen covers all aspects of applying state-of-the-art automated testing in JavaScript environments, walking readers through the entire development lifecycle, from project launch to application deployment, and beyond. Using real-life examples driven by unit tests, Johansen shows how to use TDD to gain greater confidence in your code base, so you can fearlessly refactor and build more robust, maintainable, and reliable JavaScript code at lower cost. Throughout, he addresses crucial issues ranging from code design to performance optimization, offering realistic solutions for developers, QA specialists, and testers. Coverage includes • Understanding automated testing and TDD • Building effective automated testing workflows • Testing code for both browsers and servers (using Node.js) • Using TDD to build cleaner APIs, better modularized code, and more robust software • Writing testable code • Using test stubs and mocks to test units in isolation • Continuously improving code through refactoring • Walking through the construction and automated testing of fully functional software The accompanying Web site, tddjs.com, contains all of the book’s code listings and additional resources.

Test Driven Ios Development

Autor: Graham Lee
Publisher: Addison-Wesley
ISBN: 0132764059
File Size: 12,82 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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As iOS apps become increasingly complex and business-critical, iOS developers must ensure consistently superior code quality. This means adopting best practices for creating and testing iOS apps. Test-Driven Development (TDD) is one of the most powerful of these best practices. Test-Driven iOS Development is the first book 100% focused on helping you successfully implement TDD and unit testing in an iOS environment. Long-time iOS/Mac developer Graham Lee helps you rapidly integrate TDD into your existing processes using Apple’s Xcode 4 and the OCUnit unit testing framework. He guides you through constructing an entire Objective-C iOS app in a test-driven manner, from initial specification to functional product. Lee also introduces powerful patterns for applying TDD in iOS development, and previews powerful automated testing capabilities that will soon arrive on the iOS platform. Coverage includes Understanding the purpose, benefits, and costs of unit testing in iOS environments Mastering the principles of TDD, and applying them in areas from app design to refactoring Writing usable, readable, and repeatable iOS unit tests Using OCUnit to set up your Xcode project for TDD Using domain analysis to identify the classes and interactions your app needs, and designing it accordingly Considering third-party tools for iOS unit testing Building networking code in a test-driven manner Automating testing of view controller code that interacts with users Designing to interfaces, not implementations Testing concurrent code that typically runs in the background Applying TDD to existing apps Preparing for Behavior Driven Development (BDD) The only iOS-specific guide to TDD and unit testing, Test-Driven iOS Development covers both essential concepts and practical implementation.

Modern C Programming With Test Driven Development

Autor: Jeff Langr
Publisher: CreateSpace
ISBN: 9781502445117
File Size: 8,78 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 9220
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If you program in C++ you've been neglected. Test-driven development (TDD) is a modern software development practice that can dramatically reduce the number of defects in systems, produce more maintainable code, and give you the confidence to change your software to meet changing needs. But C++ programmers have been ignored by those promoting TDD--until now. In this book, Jeff Langr gives you hands-on lessons in the challenges and rewards of doing TDD in C++. Modern C++ Programming With Test-Driven Development, the only comprehensive treatment on TDD in C++ provides you with everything you need to know about TDD, and the challenges and benefits of implementing it in your C++ systems. Its many detailed code examples take you step-by-step from TDD basics to advanced concepts. As a veteran C++ programmer, you're already writing high-quality code, and you work hard to maintain code quality. It doesn't have to be that hard. In this book, you'll learn: how to use TDD to improve legacy C++ systems how to identify and deal with troublesome system dependencies how to do dependency injection, which is particularly tricky in C++ how to use testing tools for C++ that aid TDD new C++11 features that facilitate TDD As you grow in TDD mastery, you'll discover how to keep a massive C++ system from becoming a design mess over time, as well as particular C++ trouble spots to avoid. You'll find out how to prevent your tests from being a maintenance burden and how to think in TDD without giving up your hard-won C++ skills. Finally, you'll see how to grow and sustain TDD in your team. Whether you're a complete unit-testing novice or an experienced tester, this book will lead you to mastery of test-driven development in C++. What You Need A C++ compiler running under Windows or Linux, preferably one that supports C++11. Examples presented in the book were built under gcc 4.7.2. Google Mock 1.6 (downloadable for free; it contains Google Test as well) or an alternate C++ unit testing tool. Most examples in the book are written for Google Mock, but it isn't difficult to translate them to your tool of choice. A good programmer's editor or IDE. cmake, preferably. Of course, you can use your own preferred make too. CMakeLists.txt files are provided for each project. Examples provided were built using cmake version 2.8.9. Various freely-available third-party libraries are used as the basis for examples in the book. These include: - cURL- JsonCpp- Boost (filesystem, date_time/gregorian, algorithm, assign)Several examples use the boost headers/libraries. Only one example uses cURL and JsonCpp.

Test Driven Development In Microsoft Net

Autor: Alexei Vorontsov
Publisher: Microsoft Press
ISBN: 0735637415
File Size: 14,67 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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With the clarity and precision intrinsic to the Test-Driven Development (TDD) process itself, experts James Newkirk and Alexei Vorontsov demonstrate how to implement TDD principles and practices to drive lean, efficient coding—and better design. The best way to understand TDD is to see it in action, and Newkirk and Vorontsov walk step by step through TDD and refactoring in an n-tier, .NET-connected solution. And, as members of the development team for NUnit, a leading unit-testing framework for Microsoft .NET, the authors can offer matchless insights on testing in this environment—ultimately making their expertise your own. Test first—and drive ambiguity out of the development process: Document your code with tests, rather than paper Use test lists to generate explicit requirements and completion criteria Refactor—and improve the design of existing code Alternate programmer tests with customer tests Change how you build UI code—a thin layer on top of rigorously tested code Use tests to make small, incremental changes—and minimize the debugging process Deliver software that’s verifiable, reliable, and robust

Test Driven Development With Django

Autor: Kevin Harvey
Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd
ISBN: 1785287532
File Size: 22,44 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Test-Driven Development (TDD) simplifies the trickiest of software tasks with its unique ability to peel back problems into layers. The testing tools available in Python and Django make test writing a joy, and the full coverage test suite that results from TDD is a boon to any project. This guide to developing with Django takes a test-first approach: write a test, then write enough production code to get it to pass. You'll quickly get hands-on experience, writing tests for a database-driven application with the TDD methodology. Use this book to build the skills and habits that make testing a regular part of your workflow.

Working Effectively With Legacy Code

Autor: Michael Feathers
Publisher: Prentice Hall Professional
ISBN: 0132931753
File Size: 10,41 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 5011
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Get more out of your legacy systems: more performance, functionality, reliability, and manageability Is your code easy to change? Can you get nearly instantaneous feedback when you do change it? Do you understand it? If the answer to any of these questions is no, you have legacy code, and it is draining time and money away from your development efforts. In this book, Michael Feathers offers start-to-finish strategies for working more effectively with large, untested legacy code bases. This book draws on material Michael created for his renowned Object Mentor seminars: techniques Michael has used in mentoring to help hundreds of developers, technical managers, and testers bring their legacy systems under control. The topics covered include Understanding the mechanics of software change: adding features, fixing bugs, improving design, optimizing performance Getting legacy code into a test harness Writing tests that protect you against introducing new problems Techniques that can be used with any language or platform—with examples in Java, C++, C, and C# Accurately identifying where code changes need to be made Coping with legacy systems that aren't object-oriented Handling applications that don't seem to have any structure This book also includes a catalog of twenty-four dependency-breaking techniques that help you work with program elements in isolation and make safer changes.

C And Net Core Test Driven Development

Autor: Ayobami Adewole
Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd
ISBN: 1788299922
File Size: 4,64 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Learn how to apply a test-driven development process by building ready C# 7 and .NET Core applications. Key Features Create tests to quickly detect and resolve issues when writing portable code Uncover code integration issues that improve code quality using continuous integration Set up and use data-driven unit testing to verify your code Book Description This book guides developers to create robust, production-ready C# 7 and .NET Core applications through the practice of test-driven development process. In C# and .NET Core Test-Driven Development, you will learn the different stages of the TDD life cycle, basics of TDD, best practices, and anti-patterns. It will teach you how to create an ASP.NET Core MVC sample application, write testable code with SOLID principles and set up a dependency injection for your sample application. Next, you will learn the xUnit testing framework and learn how to use its attributes and assertions. You’ll see how to create data-driven unit tests and mock dependencies in your code. You will understand the difference between running and debugging your tests on .NET Core on LINUX versus Windows and Visual Studio. As you move forward, you will be able to create a healthy continuous integration process for your sample application using GitHub, TeamCity, Cake, and Microsoft VSTS. By the end of this book, you will have learned how to write clean and robust code through the effective practice of TDD, set up CI build steps to test and build applications as well as how to package application for deployment on NuGet. What you will learn Write flexible, maintainable, and verifiable code for .NET Core Write testable code using SOLID principles and dependency injections Recognize the characteristics of a good unit test Structure and group your unit test Use mock objects to handle dependencies Set up an end-to-end continuous integration process Who this book is for This book is for .NET developers who would like to build efficient applications by implementing principles of test-driven development. C# programming and working knowledge of VS is assumed.

Test Driven Development

Autor: David Astels
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780131016491
File Size: 27,88 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Fra bagsiden: Covers refactoring, "programming by intention," mock objects, and much more. Discusses TDD frameworks for C++, C♯/.NET, Python, VB6, Ruby, and Smalltalk. Introduces previously unpublished test-first techniques for GUI software. Contains appendices introducing eXtreme Programming and Agile Modeling.

Essential Test Driven Development

Autor: Robert C. Myers
Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional
ISBN: 9780134494159
File Size: 3,74 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Test-Driven Development (TDD) is at the heart of low-defect agile software development, enabling incremental development and emergent design without degrading quality. By allowing software teams to create comprehensive regression tests that immediately pinpoint tiny errors, it gives them confidence to enhance functionality with incredible speed. Essential Test-Driven Development will help you discover how TDD helps developers take back the joy of software development, as you glimpse of the future of TDD and software development as a profession. Leading TDD coach and instructor Rob Myers shares his experiences, suggestions, and stories, plus focused and fun self-directed Java, C#, C++, and JavaScript lab work from his acclaimed TDD course. Throughout, this guide reflects the author's unsurpassed experience practicing TDD on real production code and helping hundreds of teams adopt TDD practices. Myers addresses both human motivations and technical challenges, and stresses benefits to individual programmers, not just companies. He also offers exceptional coverage of massive refactoring and legacy code, reflecting the actual realities most developers face."

Atdd By Example

Autor: Markus Gärtner
Publisher: Addison-Wesley
ISBN: 0132763249
File Size: 3,89 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 993
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With Acceptance Test-Driven Development (ATDD), business customers, testers, and developers can collaborate to produce testable requirements that help them build higher quality software more rapidly. However, ATDD is still widely misunderstood by many practitioners. ATDD by Example is the first practical, entry-level, hands-on guide to implementing and successfully applying it. ATDD pioneer Markus Gärtner walks readers step by step through deriving the right systems from business users, and then implementing fully automated, functional tests that accurately reflect business requirements, are intelligible to stakeholders, and promote more effective development. Through two end-to-end case studies, Gärtner demonstrates how ATDD can be applied using diverse frameworks and languages. Each case study is accompanied by an extensive set of artifacts, including test automation classes, step definitions, and full sample implementations. These realistic examples illuminate ATDD’s fundamental principles, show how ATDD fits into the broader development process, highlight tips from Gärtner’s extensive experience, and identify crucial pitfalls to avoid. Readers will learn to Master the thought processes associated with successful ATDD implementation Use ATDD with Cucumber to describe software in ways businesspeople can understand Test web pages using ATDD tools Bring ATDD to Java with the FitNesse wiki-based acceptance test framework Use examples more effectively in Behavior-Driven Development (BDD) Specify software collaboratively through innovative workshops Implement more user-friendly and collaborative test automation Test more cleanly, listen to test results, and refactor tests for greater value If you’re a tester, analyst, developer, or project manager, this book offers a concrete foundation for achieving real benefits with ATDD now–and it will help you reap even more value as you gain experience.

Advances In Computing And Data Sciences

Autor: Mayank Singh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811399425
File Size: 30,36 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This two-volume set (CCIS 1045 and CCIS 1046) constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Third International Conference on Advances in Computing and Data Sciences, ICACDS 2019, held in Ghaziabad, India, in April 2019. The 112 full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 621 submissions. The papers are centered around topics like advanced computing, data sciences, distributed systems organizing principles, development frameworks and environments, software verification and validation, computational complexity and cryptography, machine learning theory, database theory, probabilistic representations.

Growing Object Oriented Software Guided By Tests

Autor: Steve Freeman
Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional
ISBN: 9780321503626
File Size: 25,65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Foreword by Kent Beck "The authors of this book have led a revolution in the craft of programming by controlling the environment in which software grows." --Ward Cunningham "At last, a book suffused with code that exposes the deep symbiosis between TDD and OOD. This one's a keeper." --Robert C. Martin "If you want to be an expert in the state of the art in TDD, you need to understand the ideas in this book."--Michael Feathers Test-Driven Development (TDD) is now an established technique for delivering better software faster. TDD is based on a simple idea: Write tests for your code before you write the code itself. However, this "simple" idea takes skill and judgment to do well. Now there's a practical guide to TDD that takes you beyond the basic concepts. Drawing on a decade of experience building real-world systems, two TDD pioneers show how to let tests guide your development and "grow" software that is coherent, reliable, and maintainable. Steve Freeman and Nat Pryce describe the processes they use, the design principles they strive to achieve, and some of the tools that help them get the job done. Through an extended worked example, you'll learn how TDD works at multiple levels, using tests to drive the features and the object-oriented structure of the code, and using Mock Objects to discover and then describe relationships between objects. Along the way, the book systematically addresses challenges that development teams encounter with TDD--from integrating TDD into your processes to testing your most difficult features. Coverage includes * Implementing TDD effectively: getting started, and maintaining your momentum throughout the project * Creating cleaner, more expressive, more sustainable code * Using tests to stay relentlessly focused on sustaining quality * Understanding how TDD, Mock Objects, and Object-Oriented Design come together in the context of a real software development project * Using Mock Objects to guide object-oriented designs * Succeeding where TDD is difficult: managing complex test data, and testing persistence and concurrency

Test Driven Development With Python

Autor: Harry Percival
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
ISBN: 1449365175
File Size: 29,85 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 1636
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By taking you through the development of a real web application from beginning to end, this hands-on guide demonstrates the practical advantages of test-driven development (TDD) with Python. You’ll learn how to write and run tests before building each part of your app, and then develop the minimum amount of code required to pass those tests. The result? Clean code that works. In the process, you’ll learn the basics of Django, Selenium, Git, jQuery, and Mock, along with current web development techniques. If you’re ready to take your Python skills to the next level, this book clearly demonstrates how TDD encourages simple designs and inspires confidence. Dive into the TDD workflow, including the unit test/code cycle and refactoring Use unit tests for classes and functions, and functional tests for user interactions within the browser Learn when and how to use mock objects, and the pros and cons of isolated vs. integrated tests Test and automate your deployments with a staging server Apply tests to the third-party plugins you integrate into your site Use a Continuous Integration environment to run your tests automatically

The Pragmatic Programmer

Autor: Andrew Hunt
Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional
ISBN: 013211917X
File Size: 30,33 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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What others in the trenches say about The Pragmatic Programmer... “The cool thing about this book is that it’s great for keeping the programming process fresh. The book helps you to continue to grow and clearly comes from people who have been there.” —Kent Beck, author of Extreme Programming Explained: Embrace Change “I found this book to be a great mix of solid advice and wonderful analogies!” —Martin Fowler, author of Refactoring and UML Distilled “I would buy a copy, read it twice, then tell all my colleagues to run out and grab a copy. This is a book I would never loan because I would worry about it being lost.” —Kevin Ruland, Management Science, MSG-Logistics “The wisdom and practical experience of the authors is obvious. The topics presented are relevant and useful.... By far its greatest strength for me has been the outstanding analogies—tracer bullets, broken windows, and the fabulous helicopter-based explanation of the need for orthogonality, especially in a crisis situation. I have little doubt that this book will eventually become an excellent source of useful information for journeymen programmers and expert mentors alike.” —John Lakos, author of Large-Scale C++ Software Design “This is the sort of book I will buy a dozen copies of when it comes out so I can give it to my clients.” —Eric Vought, Software Engineer “Most modern books on software development fail to cover the basics of what makes a great software developer, instead spending their time on syntax or technology where in reality the greatest leverage possible for any software team is in having talented developers who really know their craft well. An excellent book.” —Pete McBreen, Independent Consultant “Since reading this book, I have implemented many of the practical suggestions and tips it contains. Across the board, they have saved my company time and money while helping me get my job done quicker! This should be a desktop reference for everyone who works with code for a living.” —Jared Richardson, Senior Software Developer, iRenaissance, Inc. “I would like to see this issued to every new employee at my company....” —Chris Cleeland, Senior Software Engineer, Object Computing, Inc. “If I’m putting together a project, it’s the authors of this book that I want. . . . And failing that I’d settle for people who’ve read their book.” —Ward Cunningham Straight from the programming trenches, The Pragmatic Programmer cuts through the increasing specialization and technicalities of modern software development to examine the core process--taking a requirement and producing working, maintainable code that delights its users. It covers topics ranging from personal responsibility and career development to architectural techniques for keeping your code flexible and easy to adapt and reuse. Read this book, and you'll learn how to Fight software rot; Avoid the trap of duplicating knowledge; Write flexible, dynamic, and adaptable code; Avoid programming by coincidence; Bullet-proof your code with contracts, assertions, and exceptions; Capture real requirements; Test ruthlessly and effectively; Delight your users; Build teams of pragmatic programmers; and Make your developments more precise with automation. Written as a series of self-contained sections and filled with entertaining anecdotes, thoughtful examples, and interesting analogies, The Pragmatic Programmer illustrates the best practices and major pitfalls of many different aspects of software development. Whether you're a new coder, an experienced programmer, or a manager responsible for software projects, use these lessons daily, and you'll quickly see improvements in personal productivity, accuracy, and job satisfaction. You'll learn skills and develop habits and attitudes that form the foundation for long-term success in your career. You'll become a Pragmatic Programmer.