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Tacit And Explicit Knowledge

Autor: Harry Collins
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226113825
File Size: 24,22 MB
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Much of what humans know we cannot say. And much of what we do we cannot describe. For example, how do we know how to ride a bike when we can’t explain how we do it? Abilities like this were called “tacit knowledge” by physical chemist and philosopher Michael Polanyi, but here Harry Collins analyzes the term, and the behavior, in much greater detail, often departing from Polanyi’s treatment. In Tacit and Explicit Knowledge, Collins develops a common conceptual language to bridge the concept’s disparate domains by explaining explicit knowledge and classifying tacit knowledge. Collins then teases apart the three very different meanings, which, until now, all fell under the umbrella of Polanyi’s term: relational tacit knowledge (things we could describe in principle if someone put effort into describing them), somatic tacit knowledge (things our bodies can do but we cannot describe how, like balancing on a bike), and collective tacit knowledge (knowledge we draw that is the property of society, such as the rules for language). Thus, bicycle riding consists of some somatic tacit knowledge and some collective tacit knowledge, such as the knowledge that allows us to navigate in traffic. The intermixing of the three kinds of tacit knowledge has led to confusion in the past; Collins’s book will at last unravel the complexities of the idea. Tacit knowledge drives everything from language, science, education, and management to sport, bicycle riding, art, and our interaction with technology. In Collins’s able hands, it also functions at last as a framework for understanding human behavior in a range of disciplines.

The Knowledge Creating Company

Autor: Ikujiro Nonaka
Publisher: Harvard Business Review Press
ISBN: 1633691373
File Size: 28,68 MB
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In a world where the only certainty is uncertainty, the one sure source of lasting competitive advantage is knowledge. The best companies survive by consistently creating new knowledge, disseminating it widely throughout the organization, and quickly leveraging it in their business processes and their products. In The Knowledge-Creating Company, Ikujiro Nonaka shows how your company can exploit its knowledge to continually innovate and reinvent itself in the face of relentless change. Since 1922, Harvard Business Review has been a leading source of breakthrough management ideas-many of which still speak to and influence us today. The Harvard Business Review Classics series now offers readers the opportunity to make these seminal pieces a part of your permanent management library. Each highly readable volume contains a groundbreaking idea that continues to shape best practices and inspire countless managers around the world-and will have a direct impact on you today and for years to come.

Transfers Of Tacit Vs Explicit Knowledge And Performance In International Joint Ventures The Role Of Age

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Highlights: This paper studies the transfer of tacit and explicit knowledge from foreign parents to international joint ventures (IJVs) and the impact of these two types of knowledge transfers on the performance of young and mature IJVs. IJV age is positively associated with the transfer of tacit knowledge, but not with the transfer of explicit knowledge. In contrast, the transfer of tacit knowledge has a significant impact on performance of both young and mature IJVs, while the transfer of explicit knowledge only has a significant effect on performance of mature IJVs. Our results confirm the important role of IJV age as a driver of knowledge transfers in IJVs and as a moderator of their effects on performance. Abstract: This paper studies the transfer of tacit and explicit knowledge from foreign parents to international joint ventures (IJVs) and the impact of these two types of knowledge transfers on the performance of young and mature IJVs. We estimate a structural equation model using survey data from 334 Korean joint ventures and find support for our hypotheses regarding IJV age, knowledge transfers, and performance. Our results show that IJV age is positively associated with the transfer of tacit knowledge, but not with the transfer of explicit knowledge. In contrast, the transfer of tacit knowledge has a significant impact on the performance of both young and mature IJVs, while the transfer of explicit knowledge only has a significant effect on the performance of mature IJVs. These results confirm the important role of IJV age as a driver of knowledge transfers in IJVs, and as a moderator of their effects on performance.

Tacit Knowledge In Organizations

Autor: Philippe Baumard
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761953371
File Size: 18,21 MB
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`Philippe Baumard has observed that strategic success seems to lie more in top managers' ability to use tacit knowledge than in their gaining or updating explicit knowledge' - William H Starbuck, New York University `This important new book effectively illustrates how, in conditions of ambiguity, managers `over-manage', i.e. rely too much on explicit plans and interpretations. Here, Philippe Baumard develops an alternative analysis and with it a new approach to management' - Frank Blackler, Lancaster University This landmark book delves below the surface of organizations in order to understand the complex processes of top managers' decision making. Philippe

Tacit Knowledge

Autor: Neil Gascoigne
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317547268
File Size: 21,88 MB
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Tacit knowledge is the form of implicit knowledge that we rely on for learning. It is invoked in a wide range of intellectual inquiries, from traditional academic subjects to more pragmatically orientated investigations into the nature and transmission of skills and expertise. Notwithstanding its apparent pervasiveness, the notion of tacit knowledge is a complex and puzzling one. What is its status as knowledge? What is its relation to explicit knowledge? What does it mean to say that knowledge is tacit? Can it be measured? Recent years have seen a growing interest from philosophers in understanding the nature of tacit knowledge. Philosophers of science have discussed its role in scientific problem-solving; philosophers of language have been concerned with the speaker's relation to grammatical theories; and phenomenologists have attempted to describe the relation of explicit theoretical knowledge to a background understanding of matters that are taken for granted. This book seeks to bring a unity to these diverse philosophical discussions by clarifying their conceptual underpinnings. In addition the book advances a specific account of tacit knowledge that elucidates the importance of the concept for understanding the character of human cognition, and demonstrates the relevance of the recommended account to those concerned with the communication of expertise. The book will be of interest to philosophers of language, epistemologists, cognitive psychologists and students of theoretical linguistics.

Principles Of Knowledge Management

Autor: Geisler
Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
ISBN: 0765628139
File Size: 26,65 MB
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This text provides a comprehensive introduction to the new field of knowledge management. It approaches the subject from a management rather than a highly technical point of view, and provides students with a state-of-the-art survey of KM and its implementation in diverse organizations. The text covers the nature of knowledge (tacit and explicit), the origins and units of organizational knowledge, and the evolution of knowledge management in contemporary society. It explores the implementation and utilization of knowledge management systems, and how to measure their impact, outputs, and benefits. The book includes a variety of original case studies that illustrate specific situations in which the absence or existence of knowledge management systems has been crucial to the organization's actions. Charts and figures throughout help clarify more complex phenomena and classifications, and each chapter includes review questions and a comprehensive index.

Revealing Tacit Knowledge

Autor: Frank Adloff
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839425166
File Size: 28,33 MB
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How does tacit knowledge inscribe itself into cultural and social practices? As the established distinction between tacit and explicit or discursive forms of knowledge does not explain this question, the contributions in this volume reconstruct, describe, and analyze the manifold processes by which the tacit reveals itself: They focus, for example, on metaphors, feelings, and visualizations as explications of the tacit as well as on processes of embodiment. Taken together, they demonstrate that the tacit does not constitute a single or unified knowledge complex, but has to be understood in its differentiated and fragmented forms. In addition to scholarly essays, the volume features interviews with Mark Johnson, Theodore Schatzki, and Loïc Wacquant.

Knowledge Management Tools

Autor: Rudy Ruggles
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136389687
File Size: 10,78 MB
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The third in the readers series Resources for the Knowledge-Based Economy, Knowledge Management Tools analyzes the use of knowledge management tools in the past, present and future. It helps managers and companies utilize what they know. The selections in this volume were carefully chosen to represent the strengths and weaknesses, and pros and cons of using technology to support knowledge-based activities. They acknowledge that, although tools alone are not the answer to the difficult questions surrounding knowledge management, if utilized effectively tools can open up new realms of innovation and efficiency for today's knowledge-driven businesses.

Enabling Knowledge Creation

Autor: Georg von Krogh
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199880824
File Size: 4,15 MB
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When The Knowledge-Creating Company (OUP; nearly 40,000 copies sold) appeared, it was hailed as a landmark work in the field of knowledge management. Now, Enabling Knowledge Creation ventures even further into this all-important territory, showing how firms can generate and nurture ideas by using the concepts introduced in the first book. Weaving together lessons from such international leaders as Siemens, Unilever, Skandia, and Sony, along with their own first-hand consulting experiences, the authors introduce knowledge enabling--the overall set of organizational activities that promote knowledge creation--and demonstrate its power to transform an organization's knowledge into value-creating actions. They describe the five key "knowledge enablers" and outline what it takes to instill a knowledge vision, manage conversations, mobilize knowledge activists, create the right context for knowledge creation, and globalize local knowledge. The authors stress that knowledge creation must be more than the exclusive purview of one individual--or designated "knowledge" officer. Indeed, it demands new roles and responsibilities for everyone in the organization--from the elite in the executive suite to the frontline workers on the shop floor. Whether an activist, a caring expert, or a corporate epistemologist who focuses on the theory of knowledge itself, everyone in an organization has a vital role to play in making "care" an integral part of the everyday experience; in supporting, nurturing, and encouraging microcommunities of innovation and fun; and in creating a shared space where knowledge is created, exchanged, and used for sustained, competitive advantage. This much-anticipated sequel puts practical tools into the hands of managers and executives who are struggling to unleash the power of knowledge in their organization.

Developing A Model For Examining The Effect Of Tacit And Explicit Knowledge Sharing On Organizational Performance Based On Efqm Approach

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ISBN:
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Abstract : Purpose: – The purpose of the current study was to examine the influence of knowledge sharing on organizational performance in sport organizations. Design/methodology/approach: – A sample of sport managers in Iran completed a survey designed to identify and measure this relationship. The research sample was obtained through snowball sampling. A theoretical model was developed and tested based on literature review. SPSS18 and AMOS20 were applied to data analysis. Findings: – Utilizing structural equation modeling, the findings support the premise that knowledge sharing is significantly effective on organizational performance. Practical implications: – Relevant implications are provided for management as to how to improve sport organizational performance. Originality/value: – Knowledge sharing and performance has been well researched in large and small business enterprises. However, limited research in sport organizations with the European Foundation for Quality Management approach exists. This paper provides valuable insight into the measurement of knowledge sharing and performance in the sport organizations and offers a foundation for future organizational research.

The Strategic Management Of Intellectual Capital And Organizational Knowledge

Autor: Chun Wei Choo
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195343915
File Size: 21,76 MB
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Increasingly, the challenge of management is to create and supply knowledge in order to sustain organizational performance. However, few books on management strategy have been written using this concept as a foundation. This unique volume adopts a knowledge-based approach that will complement and perhaps supplant other perspectives. Editors Nick Bontis and Chun Wei Choo look at the literature through the lens of strategic management and from the vantage point of organizational science. The thirty readings have been carefully selected and commissioned to provide the best literature available--from articles newly written for this book and from existing publications.

Knowledge Management

Autor: Awad
Publisher: Pearson Education India
ISBN: 9788131714034
File Size: 29,22 MB
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The Km Subject Matter Is A Subset Of Content Taught In The Decision Support Systems Course. This Text Is About Knowledge How To Capture It, How To Transfer It, How To Share It, And How To Manage It. Awad Takes Students Through A Process-Oriented Examination Of The Topic, Striking A Balance Between The Behavioral And Technical Aspects Of Knowledge Management And Use It.

Advances In Chinese Brand Management

Autor: John M. T. Balmer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1352000113
File Size: 13,75 MB
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This book includes a fascinating range of up-to-date articles on China from the Journal of Brand Management that marshal research and scholarship undertaken by Chinese, British, European and American scholars. The development and management of brands in China has emerged as an area of considerable and growing interest among branding scholars and practitioners owing to the rise and significance of brands within China. Providing an overview of the development and management of brands in China, Advances in Chinese Brand Management also contains case studies of centuries old and greatly loved Chinese Corporate heritage brands, luxury brands, prominent cultural brands and foreign brands in China.

The Knowledge Creating Company

Autor: Ikujirō Nonaka
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 9780195092691
File Size: 30,81 MB
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Looks at case studies from such firms as Honda, Canon, Matsushita, and NEC, and examines two types of business knowledge, explicit and tacit

Knowledge Management In The Public Sector

Autor: David E. McNabb
Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
ISBN: 9780765617279
File Size: 7,80 MB
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Introduces public management students and government and nonprofit administrators to the practices of Knowledge Management. This book focuses on knowledge management techniques in government agencies, and it covers such concepts as collecting, categorizing, processing, distributing, and archiving critical organization data and information.

Information Systems For Knowledge Management

Autor: Inès Saad
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118920589
File Size: 15,97 MB
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More and more organizations are becoming aware of the importance of tacit and explicit knowledge owned by their members which corresponds to their experience and accumulated knowledge about the firm activities. However, considering the large amount of knowledge created and used in the organization, especially with the evolution of information and communications technologies, the firm must first determine the specific knowledge on which it is necessary to focus. Creating activities to enhance identification, preservation, and use of this knowledge is a powerful mean to improve the level of economical performance of the organization. Thus, companies invest on knowledge management programs, in order to develop a knowledge sharing and collaboration culture, to amplify individual and organizational learning, to make easier accessing and transferring knowledge, and to insure knowledge preservation. Several researches can be considered to develop knowledge management programs supported by information and knowledge systems, according to their context, their culture and the stakeholders' viewpoints.

Human Resource Management

Autor: John Storey
Publisher: Cengage Learning EMEA
ISBN: 9781844806157
File Size: 30,39 MB
Format: PDF
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In this latest edition of Human Resource Management - A Critical Text, John Storey has brought together leading authorities in the field to provide critical coverage of contemporary and emerging issues in HRM. It builds on the seminal work first published in 1989. The new text contains fully revised and up-to-date chapters from the original contributors while also offering new chapters on electronic HRM, agility and scalability and international staffing. As a result, current debates about the nature and significance of HRM are developed and the volume once again offers the leading in-depth critical analysis of the field. The international team of expert contributors provides an authoritative, critical and original account of contemporary HRM. The book is ideal for advanced management students on a variety of courses.

Knowledge Management

Autor: Tapan K Panda
Publisher: Excel Books India
ISBN: 9788174466211
File Size: 4,41 MB
Format: PDF
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The idea of managing and transforming tacit to explicit knowledge is getting more and more attention in public systems domain. It has been quite sometime that authors, researchers and managers have come to realize that employees, processes and systems of decision-making in the organizations are a great reservoir of tacit knowledge. It is an important challenge to build and manage systems that can capture, store, retrieve and build new knowledge base for effective decision-making and yet have a human interface. This book is an eye opener for people having interest in knowledge management and knowledge management systems in modern organizations. This book covers ideas, models, conceptual papers and case studies covering the whole globe through the lenses of authors of different continents. For good governance and effective management of public systems, the authors have developed knowledge management processes, models and systems that can have universal appeal and applicability. The book has sixteen, well researched, thought provoking papers and case studies from India, Europe, Brazil and USA. The judicious mix of conceptual papers and case studies will help the students/managers to understand and internalize the process and stages of knowledge management from different countries. It will also make them visualize the practice of knowledge management across the diverse organizations and countries.