Download theories of lexical semantics in pdf or read theories of lexical semantics in pdf online books in PDF, EPUB and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get theories of lexical semantics in pdf book now. This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want.

Theories Of Lexical Semantics

Autor: Dirk Geeraerts
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019870030X
File Size: 25,73 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 7916
Download or Read Book
This book offers a comprehensive overview of the major traditions of word meaning research in linguistics. It charts the evolution of lexical semantics from the mid nineteenth century to the present day, presenting the main ideas, landmark publications, and the dominant figures ofthe the five semantic traditions.

Theta Theory

Autor: Martin Haiden
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110197472
File Size: 27,82 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 9956
Download or Read Book
Theta Theory explores the lexicon as an interface in the strict sense, as facilitating the flow of information between cognition and the computational system of language. It argues for the traditional concept of a listed lexicon, where semantic roles are encoded as features of verbs, and against event decomposition. Part one of the book discusses the link between cognition and the lexicon. Mainstream theories of lexical semantics are critically reviewed. Furthermore, this part provides an extensive description of the relevant data in German, including agentivity, causation, psychological predicates, and different types of diathesis alternations. Part two is devoted to the link between the lexicon and syntax. It develops a parallel model of grammatical derivation, which allows the formulation of robust generalizations over thematic role assignment, but at the same time acknowledges the relevance of other components, in particular morpho-phonology and narrow syntax. The theory is applied to a wide range of German constructions including modal infinitives, the present and gerundive participle, the past/passive/adjectival participle, verbal particles, auxiliary selection, and unaccusatives/reflexives. The book is of interest for students and scholars of lexical semantics, for descriptive German linguistics, and for linguists concerned with the development of the Minimalist Program.

The Semantics Of Compounding

Autor: Pius ten Hacken
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107099706
File Size: 18,44 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 6754
Download or Read Book
The question of how to determine the meaning of compounds was prominent in early generative morphology, but lost importance after the late 1970s. In the past decade, it has been revived by the emergence of a number of frameworks that are better suited to studying this question than earlier ones. In this book, three frameworks for studying the semantics of compounding are presented by their initiators: Jackendoff's Parallel Architecture, Lieber's theory of lexical semantics, and Štekauer's onomasiological theory. Common to these presentations is a focus on English noun-noun compounds. In the following chapters, these theories are then applied to different types of compounding (phrasal, A+N, neoclassical) and other languages (French, German, Swedish, Greek). Finally, a comparison highlights how each framework offers particular insight into the meaning of compounds. An exciting new contribution to the field, this book will be of interest to morphologists, semanticists and cognitive linguists.

Computational Lexical Semantics

Autor: Patrick Saint-Dizier
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521444101
File Size: 30,55 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 1719
Download or Read Book
Lexical semantics has become a major research area within computational linguistics, drawing from psycholinguistics, knowledge representation, and computer algorithms and architecture. Research programs whose goal is the definition of large lexicons are asking what the appropriate representation structure is for different facets of lexical information. Among these facets, semantic information is probably the most complex and the least explored. Computational Lexical Semantics is one of the first volumes to provide models for the creation of various kinds of computerized lexicons for the automatic treatment of natural language, with applications to machine translation, automatic indexing, and database front-ends, knowledge extraction, among other things. It focuses on semantic issues, as seen by linguists, psychologists, and computer scientists. Besides describing academic research, it also covers ongoing industrial projects.

The Geometry Of Meaning

Autor: Peter Gärdenfors
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262319594
File Size: 19,20 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 5372
Download or Read Book
In The Geometry of Meaning, Peter Gärdenfors proposes a theory of semantics that bridges cognitive science and linguistics and shows how theories of cognitive processes, in particular concept formation, can be exploited in a general semantic model. He argues that our minds organize the information involved in communicative acts in a format that can be modeled in geometric or topological terms -- in what he terms conceptual spaces, extending the theory he presented in an earlier book by that name. Many semantic theories consider the meanings of words as relatively stable and independent of the communicative context. Gärdenfors focuses instead on how various forms of communication establish a system of meanings that becomes shared between interlocutors. He argues that these "meetings of mind" depend on the underlying geometric structures, and that these structures facilitate language learning. Turning to lexical semantics, Gärdenfors argues that a unified theory of word meaning can be developed by using conceptual spaces. He shows that the meaning of different word classes can be given a cognitive grounding, and offers semantic analyses of nouns, adjectives, verbs, and prepositions. He also presents models of how the meanings of words are composed to form new meanings and of the basic semantic role of sentences. Finally, he considers the future implications of his theory for robot semantics and the Semantic Web.

Lexical Semantics

Autor: D. A. Cruse
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521276436
File Size: 9,83 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 1190
Download or Read Book
Lexical Semantics is about the meaning of words. Although obviously a central concern of linguistics, the semantic behaviour of words has been unduly neglected in the current literature, which has tended to emphasize sentential semantics and its relation to formal systems of logic. In this textbook D. A. Cruse establishes in a principled and disciplined way the descriptive and generalizable facts about lexical relations that any formal theory of semantics will have to encompass. Among the topics covered in depth are idiomaticity, lexical ambiguity, synonymy, hierarchical relations such as hyponymy and meronymy, and various types of oppositeness. Syntagmatic relations are also treated in some detail. The discussions are richly illustrated by examples drawn almost entirely from English. Although a familiarity with traditional grammar is assumed, readers with no technical linguistic background will find the exposition always accessible. All readers with an interest in semantics will find in this original text not only essential background but a stimulating new perspective on the field.

Words And Other Wonders

Autor: Dirk Geeraerts
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110219123
File Size: 29,72 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 3541
Download or Read Book
Cognitive Linguistics has given a major impetus to the study of semantics and the lexicon. The present volume brings together seventeen previously published papers that testify to the fruitfulness of Cognitive Linguistics for the study of lexical and semantic topics. Spanning the period from the late 1980s to recent years, the collection features a number of papers that may be considered classics within the field of cognitive linguistic lexicology. The papers are grouped in thematic sections. The first section deals with prototypicality as a theoretical and practical model of semantic description. The second section discusses polysemy and criteria for distinguishing between meanings. The third section tackles questions of meaning description beyond the level of words, on the level of idioms and constructions. The following section casts the net even wider, dealing with the cultural aspects of meaning. Moving away from the theoretical and descriptive perspective towards applied concerns, the fifth section looks at lexicography from the point of view of Cognitive Linguistics. The final section has a metatheoretical orientation: it discusses the history and methodology of lexical semantics. Each paper is preceded by a newly written introduction that situates the text against the period in which it was first published, but that also points to further developments, in the author's own research or in Cognitive Linguistics at large. The variety of topics dealt with make this book an excellent introduction to the broad field of lexicological and lexical semantic research.

Semantics And Cognition

Autor: Ray Jackendoff
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262600132
File Size: 25,84 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 7327
Download or Read Book
This book emphasizes the role of semantics as a bridge between the theory of language and the theories of other cognitive capacities such as visual perception and motor control. It develops the position that the study of semantics of natural language is the study of the structure of thought, and that grammatical structure offers a much more important source of evidence for the theory of cognition than is often supposed by linguists, philosophers, psychologists, or computer scientists.Ray Jackendoff is Professor of Linguistics and Chairman of the Linguistics and Cognitive Science Program at Brandeis University. His most recent book, coauthored with Fred Lerdahl, is A Generative Theory of Tonal Music (MIT Press paperback). Semantics and Cognition is included in the series, Current Studies in Linguistics.

Armenian

Autor: Jasmine Dum-Tragut
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027288798
File Size: 15,90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 1194
Download or Read Book
This grammar of Modern Eastern Armenian gives a precise and explicit description of the Eastern Armenian language of the Republic of Armenia. It covers not only the normative tradition but, more importantly, also describes the colloquial language as it is used in Armenia today. With regard to methodological approach and terminology it fully meets the demands of modern general linguistics and typology. This grammar will be of interest not only to the specialised readership of descriptive and comparative linguists, of typologists and of armenologists, but to all those who would like to acquaint themselves with linguistic data from living Armenian. It will also be of use to students wishing to learn Modern Eastern Armenian and to lecturers in Modern Eastern Armenian language courses.

How Words Mean

Autor: Vyvyan Evans
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199234663
File Size: 14,91 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 9483
Download or Read Book
In this book, Vyvyan Evans builds a framework for the understanding and analysis of meaning that is at once descriptively adequate and psychologically plausible. In so doing he also addresses current issues in lexical semantics and semantic compositionality, polysemy, figurative language, and the semantics of time and space.

Selected Lexical And Grammatical Issues In The Meaning Text Theory

Autor: Leo Wanner
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027292779
File Size: 12,51 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 5786
Download or Read Book
The Meaning Text Theory (MTT) is a lexicon-centred and dependency-based theory for the description of language using a holistic model that incorporates semantics, syntax, morphology and lexis. This volume, prepared on the occasion of Igor Mel'čuk’s 70th birthday, offers a cross-section of the current advances in MTT and its applications. The first part of the book focuses on lexical phenomena that are still largely neglected in mainstream linguistics: sound symbolism as manifested by ideophones, and idiosyncratic lexical relations as manifested by lexical functions (LFs). In particular, LFs are addressed from different angles (including the introduction of new “standard” LFs, the argument structure and semantic decomposition of lexical relations captured by LFs, automatic recognition of LF-instances in corpora, and the use of LFs in terminology and natural language processing). The second part of the book deals with such prominent model-oriented issues as semantic paraphrasing in MTT, the role of phrase structure in MTT and syntactic analysis within MTT.

Semantic Theories In Europe 1830 1930

Autor: Brigitte Nerlich
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027245460
File Size: 11,21 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 4258
Download or Read Book
It is widely believed by historians of linguistics that the 19th-century was largely devoted to historical and comparative studies, with the main emphasis on the discovery of soundlaws. Syntax is typically portrayed as a mere sideline of these studies, while semantics is seldom even mentioned. If it comes into view at all, it is usually assumed to have been confined to diachronic lexical semantics and the construction of some (mostly ill-conceived) typologies of semantic change. This book aims to destroy some of these prejudices and to show that in Europe semantics was an important, although controversial, area at that time. Synchronic mechanisms of semantic change were discovered and increasing attention was paid to the context of the sentence, to the speech situation and the users of the language. From being a semantics of transformations', a child of the biological-geological paradigm of historical linguistics with its close links to etymology and lexicography, the field matured into a semantics of comprehension and communication, set within a general linguistics and closely related to the emerging fields of psychology and sociology.

Theories Of Case

Autor: Miriam Butt
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 052179322X
File Size: 19,56 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 2560
Download or Read Book
This 2006 textbook introduces the various theories of case, and how they account for its distribution across languages.

The Event Structure Of Perception Verbs

Autor: Nikolas Gisborne
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 019957779X
File Size: 16,11 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Read: 7567
Download or Read Book
This book examines the semantics and syntactic behaviour of perception verbs such as look, see, taste, hear, feel, sound, and listen. It considers their meanings, modality, and irregularity, and examines the kinds of polysemy they exhibit. It offers new insights on lexical causation, evidentiality, and processes of cognition.

Meaning Change In Grammaticalization

Autor: Regine Eckardt
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199262608
File Size: 21,15 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 4118
Download or Read Book
The author explores the mechanisms underlying semantic change. Meaning changes work, and this is evident in processes of grammaticalisation in which lexical items lose autonomous meaning. Based on formal semantic theory, this book is useful for students of historical and comparative linguistics and formal semantics.

Semantics And Morphosyntactic Variation

Autor: Itamar Francez
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198744587
File Size: 14,50 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Read: 7117
Download or Read Book
This book explores a key issue in linguistic theory, the systematic variation in form between semantic equivalents across languages. Two contrasting views of the role of lexical meaning in the analysis of such variation can be found in the literature: (i) uniformity, whereby lexical meaning isuniversal, and variation arises from idiosyncratic differences in the inventory and phonological shape of language-particular functional material, and (ii) transparency, whereby systematic variation in form arises from systematic variation in the meaning of basic lexical items. In this volume, Itamar Francez and Andrew Koontz-Garboden contrast these views as applied to the empirical domain of property concept sentences - sentences expressing adjectival predication and their translational equivalents across languages. They demonstrate that property concept sentences varysystematically between possessive and predicative form, and propose a transparentist analysis of this variation that links it to the lexical denotations of basic property concept lexemes. At the heart of the analysis are qualities: mass-like model theoretic objects that closely resemble scales. Theauthors contrast their transparentist analysis with uniformitarian alternatives, demonstrating its theoretical and empirical advantages. They then show that the proposed theory of qualities can account for interesting and novel observations in two central domains of grammatical theory: the theory ofsyntactic categories, and the theory of mass nouns. The overall results highlight the importance of the lexicon as a locus of generalizations about the limits of crosslinguistic variation.

Text Generation

Autor: Kathleen McKeown
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521438025
File Size: 3,36 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Read: 1777
Download or Read Book
This book is concerned with the machine-based generation of natural language text and presents a formal analysis of problems, which in the main have previously only been approached descriptively. In the process of producing discourse, speakers and writers must decide what it is that they want to say and how to present it effectively. Kathleen McKeown's main concern is to identify and formalise principles of discourse so that they can be used in a computational process. The text generation theory she describes has been embodied in a computer program, TEXT, which, given a question, can produce a paragraph length response. An Appendix to the book provides examples of the TEXT system in operation.

Semantic Theory

Autor: Ruth M. Kempson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521292092
File Size: 8,57 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Read: 4510
Download or Read Book
An introduction to the central topics of linguistic semantics and the philosophy of language, assuming no special knowledge of philosophy or logic.